My Son Sanctuary located in Duy Phu Commune, Duy Xuyen District, Quang Nam Province, 70 kilometers far from Da Nang to the southwest and about 40 kilometers far away from the centre of Hoi An city.
My Son temples situated in a valley with the diameter of about 2 km, surrounded by mountains, the ridge of the mountain is 100m to 400m from the East of Truong Son to My Son and Tra Kieu capital city.
My Son is the Hinduism sanctuary of the Kingdom of Champa. Each king, after taking the throne, will celebrate a ceremony at the sanctuary, donate offerings and build the temple. My Son is a single point of Cham art that has continuous development process from the 7th century to the 13th century. At the beginning of the 7th century, King Sambhuvarman built the temple with sustainable materials that still exists until today. The later kings have remodeled the old temples and built new temples to offer to their gods.
The main temples in My Son worship an image of Linga or Siva who is protected for the king of Champa. The god is worshiped in My Son is Bhadresvara, the king who founded the first king line of the late 4th century in Amaravati in associated with the name of Siva deity, became the main faiths to worship the genie – the king and the royal ancestors .
In 1885, My Son monument was discovered by a French scholar named M.C. Paris. In the early of the 20th century, two researchers at France Telecom is L. Finot and L.de Lajonquiere together with an architects cum archaeologists H. Parmentier has come to My Son to study about the monument, architecture art and Cham sculpture. Until the year of 1903-1904 to the most basic materials about inscriptions and architectural art of My Son has been officially announced by L. Finot.
My Son temples are divided into clusters, built according to the same principles. The structure of each cluster consists of a main temple (Kalan), surrounded by smaller stupas or auxiliary works. The temple represents for the mountain Meru – center of the universe, a place to gather and worship the god Siva. The sub-temple (temple side) worship the gods who oversees the direction of the sky. There are also the auxiliary works of the towers is usually tiled roofs, where pilgrims layout and storage sacrificed offerings. Cham temple always has no windows, only the tower works has a window.
The temples and towers of cham made of brick, ornamental array of sandstone. They are arranged close together and today no studies can determine a adhesives of them. After the wall of the tower was built, the new sculptor started carving flowers, human figures, animals, etc on the tower. Technique sculpture on brick sculpture of Cham people rarely appears in the other arts in the region.
There are about 225 Cham ruins were discovered in Vietnam, My Son has about 70 separate temples, 32 epitaphs existing in some form or another. These temples are no longer intact here but they are still the best evidences to understand the development process of Cham art. Cham Sculpture receive deeply influenced by India, but in the process of developing increasingly national identity confirmed, creating its unique looks and exotic appeal. Cham Sculpture also has many images of priests, stoic and pleasure dancing girls and emerged as characteristics of the strong vitality of various expressions.
Since 1999, My Son Sanctuary was selected as one of the UNESCO World Heritage site at the 23rd session of the World Heritage Committee in accordance with criteria C (II) as a typical example of cultural exchange and standard of C (III) as the only evidence of Asian civilization has disappeared.
* Ticket Price: (including fees for electric car and cultural performances)
– Vietnamese visitors: VND 60,000/person;
– International visitors: VND 100,000/person;
– There’s no admission charge for children under 16 years old.
* Opening hours: (all days in a weeks including holidays)
– In summer: 06:00 AM to 05:00 PM
– In winter: 06:30 AM to 05:00 PM